Washington University School of Medicine has been recognized as a  Skin Smart Campus by The National Council on Skin Cancer Prevention by:

  • Providing a safe and healthy learning and living environment on and off campus
  • Pledging to keep indoor tanning devices off our campus and our affiliated buildings
  • Promoting skin cancer prevention policies and education

The Indoor Tan-Free Skin Smart Campus Initiative is sponsored by the National Council on Skin Cancer Prevention in response to the 2014 U.S. Surgeon General’s Call to Action to Prevent Skin Cancer, which concluded there is a strong association between increased risk of skin cancer and indoor tanning use. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation exposure from indoor tanning is completely avoidable, allowing for interventions to help reduce skin-cancer-related illness and deaths. Numerous studies have found that skin cancer is the most common type of cancer in the United States, with melanoma as one of the most common cancers diagnosed among young adults. According to The International Agency for Research on Cancer Working Group, the use of indoor tanning facilities before the age of 35 increases the risk for melanoma by 75 percent.

Skin cancer is the most common cancer in the United States.

  • 3 most common types: basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma
  • The two most common skin cancers (basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas) are usually curable but can be disfiguring and costly.
  • Melanoma (the third most common skin cancer) may be deadly.
  • Ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or from a tanning device can cause dangerous, lasting damage to your skin.
General Risk Factors for Skin Cancer
  • Light skin, or skin that burns, freckles, or reddens easily (but skin of all colors can burn and get skin cancer)
  • Large number of moles
  • Personal or family history of skin cancer
  • History of sun exposure; even without a burn; skin damage is cumulative
  • History of sunburns, especially in early life
  • History of indoor tanning
    • The average tanning bed produces 2-10x more UV radiation than the sun.
    • Using tanning beds before the age of 35 increases a person’s risk for developing melanoma by 75%
Skin Cancer in Skin of Color

Even if you have a darker skin tone, always tan, or rarely burn, you can still get skin cancer. No matter your skin tone, UV radiation can lead to skin damage, premature aging, and hyperpigmentation. Protecting your skin is important!

  • Skin cancer is often diagnosed later in people of color, making it harder to treat.
  • Melanoma in people of color most can occur on the palms of the hands, soles of the feet, under the nail (subungual) and in the nail areas – it’s important to show your provider any changes you notice.

The majority of skin cancers are caused by exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light and can be prevented with sun safety practices.

  • Seek Shade
    • Find shade under a dense tree canopy, shade sail, or pavilion.
    • Carry a sun umbrella for personal shade.
    • Use a pop-up UV shelter when at the beach or park.
    • Whenever possible, stay out of the sun from 10 AM – 4 PM when UV radiation is the strongest.
  • Wear Sunscreen
    • Broad spectrum UVA and UVB, SPF 30 or higher.
    • Reapplication is necessary every 2 hours and after swimming, sweating, or toweling off.
    • Most people do not put on enough sunscreen – aim for at least 1 oz. (about a palm full) on exposed skin.
  • Wear Protective Clothing
    • Long sleeves/pants with a dense weave or built in UPF wide-brimmed hat
    • Closed-toe shoes and socks that cover the ankle
  • Wear Sunglasses
    • Choose sunglasses with a UV protective coating.
    • Wearing sunglasses helps protect the delicate skin around our eyes.
    • UV rays can also increase risk of cataracts & macular degeneration – it makes sense to protect your eyes!
  • Check the UV Index – Know Before You Go!
    • Dermatologists recommend sun protection when the UV index is 3 and above.
    • As levels approach 6 and above, it’s best to limit your time in the sun.

ABCDEs of Melanoma

Melanoma is one of the deadliest forms of skin cancer. When detected early, melanoma is highly treatable. Know your skin. Perform a self-exam each month. You can even ask a partner or friend to look at your back and scalp. If you see any of these warning signs, show them to your provider right away.

Asymmetry: Moles that have an asymmetrical appearance

Border: A mole that has blurry and/or jagged edges

Color: A mole that has more than one color

Diameter: Moles with a diameter larger than a pencil eraser (6 mm or 1/4 inch)

Evolution: A mole that has gone through changes in size, shape, or color

Image provided by AIM at Melanoma Foundation (https://www.aimatmelanoma.org/melanoma-101/understanding-melanoma/moles-and-other-lesions/know-your-abcdes/)

ABCDEs of Melanoma Chart (American Academy of Dermatology)
How to Perform a Skin Self Exam (American Academy of Dermatology)

Additional Resources

Want more resources? Check out these links for more information:

Skin Cancer Facts and Statistics (Skin Cancer Foundation)

Skin Cancer Prevention (American Academy of Dermatology)

Indoor Tanning Facts (American Academy of Dermatology)

The National Council on Skin Cancer Prevention

Skin Smart Campus Initiative

Upcoming Sunscreen Dispenser Locations

  • Farrell Learning & Teaching Center (west entrance by Kaldi’s Cafe)
  • McDonnell Science Medical Building (Shell Lobby)